How to prevent anemia during pregnancy.

How to prevent anemia during pregnancy.

Anemia is one of the most common complications of pregnant women mostly from the second three months of pregnancy. The symptoms are very similar to the ones in any pregnancy so they are confusing and are not taking into account. So, a minor anemia can be seen as fatigue, dizziness, palpitations and sleepiness.

In more important cases a pregnant woman with anemia will notice that she has cardiac beats, sweatiness and difficulty to breathe.

The anemia is a reduction of the red corpuscles which are in the body of a person and get under the normal levels. Even though it is not a serious illness it should be treated in a pregnant woman to avoid development problems in the baby since the grow of the fetus depends strongly on the quality of the blood the mother transmits to the baby. As a result, the soon of an anemic pregnant woman could be born under weight.

Anemia can be diagnosed with a simple blood test that is made during the first visit to the doctor and also between the 24 and 28 week of pregnancy which would reflect if the levels of haemoglobin in the pregnant woman are the right ones. It is advisable for a pregnant woman to have a diet rich in iron eating red meats, liver, shellfish, chicken, cereals, spinach and green vegetables among others. It is important to know that fruits and vegetables rich in Vitamin C such as oranges help to absorb the iron and coffee, tea, egg jolk and milk avoid it.

Most pregnant women suffer from iron anemia during pregnancy and in a few cases there is anemia for the lack of Vitamin B12. These illnesses are related above all to diet problems in the woman but there are also other causes less frequent such as strong loss of blood, the hemolysis and chronic systematic illnesses.

We also have to consider that pregnancy predisposes the pregnant woman to have anemia since pregnancy originates a gap between the eritrocitic mass and the increase in the plasmatic volume.

The only way to treat an anemia is to take iron. The doctor should calculate that besides the quantity of this mineral that any person needs on daily basis to be healthy a pregnant woman needs 350 mg for the fetus and placenta, 450 mg. to increase the haemoglobin, 250 mg for losses during delivery and 250 mg for basal loss.

If a woman starts pregnancy without sufficient reserves of iron she should mad up for this deficiency with iron supplements as well as eating food rich in iron. Many people suffer from digestive problems and nausea during the fist days of taking iron but it is normal.


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