How to prevent anemia during pregnancy.
Anemia is one of the most common complications of pregnant women, mostly from the second three months of pregnancy. The symptoms are very similar to the ones in any pregnancy. Hence, they are confusing and are not taking into account.
With mild anemia, a pregnant woman can feel fatigued, dizziness, palpitations, and sleepiness.
In more severe cases, a pregnant woman with anemia will notice that she has cardiac beats, sweatiness, and difficulty breathing.
The anemia is a reduction of the red corpuscles in the body that gets under normal levels. Even though it is not a dangerous illness, it should be treated in pregnancy to avoid development problems in the baby. The fetus's growth depends strongly on the quality of the blood the mother transmits to the baby.
A simple blood test is made during the first visit to the doctor and between the 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy, to diagnose the anemia, which would reflect if the levels of hemoglobin are the right ones.
A pregnant woman should have a diet rich in iron eating red meat, liver, shellfish, chicken, cereals, spinach, and green vegetables.
It is important to consider that some food helps the body absorb the iron, such as fruits and vegetables rich in Vitamin C, red meat, salmon, and other animals' muscle protein.
And on the other hand, there is food that decreases the body's ability to absorb the iron, like coffee, tea, egg yolk, and milk.
Most pregnant women suffer from iron anemia during pregnancy. In some cases, the anemia is due to a lack of Vitamin B12.
The anemia is usually related to diet problems. Still, there are other causes less frequently, such as loss of blood, hemolysis, and chronic systematic illnesses.
The only way to treat anemia is with iron supplements. Talk to a doctor to take the right dosage, considering each situation.
To check if a woman starts pregnancy with sufficient reserves of iron. A ferritin test helps the doctor understand how much iron the body stores. If the ferritin level is lower than normal, it indicates that the iron store in your body is low; hence you have an iron deficiency. As a result, you could be anemic.
When taking iron supplements, many people suffer from digestive problems and nausea during the first days, so don't worry about it. If this persists, consult your doctor.